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Types of Periodontal Disease

More than one in three people over the age of 30 have some form of periodontal disease. It's onset can be silent and painless, so knowing your periodontal health is essential not only to avoid tooth loss, but research has found a relationship between periodontal infection and serious health problems such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and respiratory disease.

Types of Periodontal Disease

There are many different types of periodontal disease, and many ways in which these variations manifest themselves. All require immediate treatment by a periodontist to halt the progression and save the gum tissue and bone. Here are some of the most common types of periodontal disease along with the treatments typically performed to correct them:


Gingivitis is the mildest and most common form of periodontal disease. It is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums occur, but there is no bone loss.

Treatment: Gingivitis is easily reversible with good home care and a professional cleaning. Antibiotics and prescription mouthwashes may also be used.

Chronic Periodontal Disease

Chronic periodontal disease is the most common form of the disease, and occurs much more frequently in people over 45. Chronic periodontal disease is characterized by inflammation below the gum line and the progressive destruction of the bone tissue surrounding the teeth. Gums separate from the teeth forming pockets, which deepen as more bone tissue is destroyed. Sometimes it may appear that the teeth are getting longer, but in actuality the gums are receding. Often, there are little or no symptoms. Eventually, teeth become loose and may have to be removed.

Treatment: Unlike gingivitis, chronic periodontal disease cannot be cured because the supportive  bone cannot be replaced. However, the periodontist can halt the progression of the disease using scaling and root planing procedures in combination with surgical treatments such as pocket reduction surgery, bone and soft tissue grafting, to improve the situation and restore a healthy environment.

Aggressive Periodontal Disease

Aggressive periodontal disease is characterized by the rapid loss of bone in people with a genetic predisposition.  The disease  progression is much faster.

Treatment: The treatments for aggressive periodontal disease are similar as for chronic periodontal disease. This form of the disease is harder to treat and control, and antibiotic regimens may be added.

If have any question or concerns about the different types of periodontal disease and treatments, please ask us.