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Signs & Symptoms of Periodintal Disease

Common Signs & Symptoms

It is extremely important to note that periodontal disease can progress silently without the patient experiencing any symptoms such as pain or bleeding. This is why regular periodontal checkups are very important. Described below are some of the most common signs and symptoms of periodontitis.

If you have any of these signs or symptoms, the advice of a general dentist or periodontist should be sought as soon as possible. It is important to treat the disease before it causes tooth loss and adversely affects your overall health.

  • Unexplained bleeding – Bleeding when brushing, flossing or eating food is one of the most common symptoms of a periodontal infection.
  • Pain, redness or swelling – A periodontal infection may be present if the gums are swollen, red or painful for no apparent reason.
  • Longer-looking teeth – Periodontal disease can lead to gum recession due to destruction of the supporting tissue and bone. The result may be longer looking teeth and a smile that appears more “toothy.”
  • Bad breath/halitosis – Although bad breath odor can originate from the back of the tongue, the lungs or stomach, or from tobacco use, bad breath may be also be caused by old food particles which sit between the teeth and underneath the gumline. Infected gum tissue and bleeding may also produce a bad taste in the mouth.
  • Loose teeth/change in bite pattern – Another sign of periodontitis is the loosening or shifting of teeth. As the bone tissue gets destroyed, teeth that were once firmly attached to the jawbone become loose and may shift in position, changing the way your teeth fit together when you bite.
  • Pus – Pus oozing from between the teeth is a definitive sign that an acute infection is in progress.  The pus is a result of the body trying to fight the bacterial infection. Immediate treatment should be sought.
    Tooth sensitivity - Exposed root surfaces from the loss of gum and bone can result in teeth that are temperature or touch sensitive.

If you have any further questions about the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease, please ask us.