The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it hardens into a substance called calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, the disease progresses with destruction of the gums and bone.
Since periodontal disease is often silent and painless, most people are not aware that they have it.
Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Periodontists specialize in the treatment of gum disease. A periodontist will perform scaling and root planing in deep pockets and may also prescribe antibiotic medications in conjunction with therapy.
Procedures also done by the periodontist include soft tissue grafts, bone regeneration, pocket elimination surgery, and periodontal plastic surgery.
Preventing periodontal disease is critical to preserving the natural dentition. Addressing the causes of gum disease and discussing them with your dentist or periodontist will help prevent the onset, progression, and recurrence of periodontal disease.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Among the many procedures performed in our office are:
- Second opinions
- Non-surgical treaments
- Osseous/flap surgery
- Bone graft and Regenerative procedures
- Cosmetic periodontal procedures
- Crown lengthening
- Appliance for clenching and grinding
- Tooth whitening trays
- Soft tissue (gum) grafting
- Local delivery of antibiotics and antimicrobials
- Bite adjustments
- Maintenance or Recare visits
GOALS OF THERAPY
- Prevent tooth loss
- Eliminate infected, bleeding gums
- Prevent bad breath caused by the infection
- Teach proper home care